Word Connectives / Ligatures
Keep In Mind:
Ligatures merely connect two words to indicate a relationship, and don't have definition on their own.
Word connectives or “ligatures” are a unique part of the Filipino language that are used to link two words together.
When to use Ligatures
There are a variety of grammar patterns that require words to be connected by ligatures.
The first pattern to learn, is that you should connect nouns and the adjectives that describe them using ligatures.
For example, in the phrase: “the red car”, the words “red” and “car” should be connected with a ligature in the Filipino language.
Three Types of Ligatures
1.) If the first word ends in a vowel, the ligature -ng is attached to the end of that word to connect it to the next word.
2.) If the first word ends in the letter N, the ligature -g is attached to the end of that word to connect it to the next word.
kaw + wabtà
kaw (pitiful child) wang b tà
mab + sàgamt
mab (effective medicine) sang gam t
matab + lalki
matab (fat man) ng lal ki
matand + babe
matand (old woman) ng bab e
3.) If the first word ends in any consonant other than "N", the word na is used to connect two words.
may + manlalki
may (rich man) mang lal ki
sab + nmabang
sab (fragrant soap) ng mabang
pingg + nmalnis
pingg (clean plate) ng mal nis
masun + rinmmamay n
masun (obedient citizen) ring m mamay n
ma + latpagkin
ma (salty food) lat na pagk in
maba + testudynte
maba (nice student) t na estudy nte
malus + gbtà
malus (healthy child) g na b tà
mahimb + ngnatutlog
mahimb (sleeping soundly) ng na natut log
Changing of Sequence
Changing the sequence of words does not change the meaning of the phrases. It retains the denotation and follows the same rules for using ligatures.