When used to mean "kennel", it has to be the cage, and not the house, type.
The root word is "kulóng". However, I don't think it can be used by itself and, therefore, can't be classified as to what type of word it is. In case we use "kulóng" in a phrase, it would be as a clipped version of a verb form.
Common verb forms:
Mákulóng = to get jailed (subject-focused) - nákulóng, nákukulóng, mákukulóng
Makulóng = to accidentally get trapped/locked inside (subject-focused) - nakulóng, nakukulóng, makukulóng (Notice that this is spelled exactly the same as the previous word, but only the last syllable is accented here).
Ikulóng = to put in jail/a cage (object-focused) - ikinulóng, ikinúkulóng, ikúkulóng
"Kapag nahuli ka, siguradong (sigurado na) kulóng ka" = If you get caught, for sure you will get jailed. - This is an example of how we use just "kulóng", but it's actually only a shortened version of the future tense of either the "mákulóng" or the "ikulóng" verb - "mákukulóng" or "ikúkulóng".
"Nákulóng ang kuya ni Anna dahil sa droga. Tatlóng taón siya sa kulungan." = Anna's older brother landed in jail because of drugs. He was in prison for three years.
"Nasira ang doorknob sa pintò ng banyo kaya nakulóng sa loob si Tom kanina" - The bathroom's doorknob got broken that's why Tom got locked inside earlier today. (In Filipino, when we use "doorknob", we sometimes still add "sa/ng pinto" (on/of the door). Maybe that's because we only think of it as a "knob" and ignore the "door" before it. 😀)
"Daoxin, dapat ikinúkulóng ninyo ang tuta para hindi mangagát". 😁 = Daoxin, you should put the puppy in the kennel so it won't be able to bite people. ("Mangagát" is how the word is used, although based on standard word formation, it would be "mángkagát". It means to bite something that one, by nature, is not really meant to bite. A dog, for example, is not designed to bite people, so we'd use "mangagat". But we use the standard verbs like, "kumagát" and "kinagát" if the dog is biting a bone.)
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