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Question: -ng as a connective

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Author Photo by: auauauichikij
Apr 08 2022, 3:08am CST ~ 1 mo., 13 days ago. 
Hello everyone, I am doing the FSI course and found this sentence.
 
Mayroon kaming tatlo. (we have three)
 
I am a bit puzzled by the grammar of it:
- KAMI is "we" (subject)
- TATLO is "three"
 
so what is the connective -ng conveying here? What would be a literal translation? "We threely have"?
Also could I have switched the words near the -ng as: "Mayroon tatlong kami."?
 
Thanks!
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Author Photo Norvin
Apr 08 2022, 1:27pm CST ~ 1 mo., 13 days ago. 
There are some words, and 'mayroon' is one of them, that need to combine with the connective (I'm used to calling it the 'linker', and you may see it called that sometimes). Sometimes the linker will attach right to 'mayroon':
 
Mayroong libro ang babae ('the woman has a book')
 
Tagalog also has what are sometimes called 'clitics', which are typically small words which like to attach, more or less, to the first word in the clause. And if you attach a clitic to 'mayroon', it goes before the linker:
 
Mayroon bang libro ang babae? ('does the woman have a book?')
Mayroon palang libro ang babae. ('oh, I see the woman has a book')
Mayroon pong libro ang babae. ('the woman has a book, sir/madam')
 
Most Tagalog pronouns are also clitics (all of the pronouns except for the ones starting with 'sa', and also 'ikaw'). So pronouns will also go between 'mayroon' and the linker:
 
Mayroon akong libro ('I have a book')
Mayroon kaming libro ('we have a book')
 
And that's what's going on in your sentence; 'kami' is attaching to 'mayroon' because 'kami' is a clitic, and then the linker (which 'mayroon' requires) is following 'kami'.
 
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Author Photo PinoyTaj Badge: Supporter
Apr 08 2022, 5:54pm CST ~ 1 mo., 13 days ago. 
Exclusive pronoun.
 
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Author Photo auauauichikij
Apr 09 2022, 1:39pm CST ~ 1 mo., 12 days ago. 
This is so clear and helpful, thanks @Norvin !
 
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